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Sunday, November 22, 2020 | History

3 edition of Institutions, incentives and electoral participation in Japan found in the catalog.

Institutions, incentives and electoral participation in Japan

Yusaku Horiuchi

Institutions, incentives and electoral participation in Japan

cross-level and cross-national perspectives

by Yusaku Horiuchi

  • 72 Want to read
  • 39 Currently reading

Published by Routledge/RoutledgeCurzon in London, New York .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Local elections -- Japan.,
  • Comparative government.,
  • Political participation -- Cross-cultural studies.,
  • Local elections -- Cross-cultural studies.,
  • Political participation -- Japan.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementYusaku Horiuchi.
    GenreCross-cultural studies.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsJS7377.3 .H67 2004
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxiv, 147 p. :
    Number of Pages147
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL22619732M
    ISBN 100415331765

    6. One of the features that defines California’s political culture is: a. social and economic conservatism b. strong political party affiliation and a healthy and competitive two-party system c. strong trust in state government; government is seen as a positive force d. fondness for political reform, and general dislike of .


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Institutions, incentives and electoral participation in Japan by Yusaku Horiuchi Download PDF EPUB FB2

In Japan, however, municipal elections often record considerably higher turnout than national elections, particularly in small towns and villages. Institutions, Incentives and Electoral Participation in Japan theoretically and empirically explores this puzzling 'turnout.

Institutions, Incentives and Electoral Participation in Japan theoretically and empirically explores this puzzling 'turnout twist' phenomenon from comparative perspectives. Based on the rational-choice approach, the book hypothesizes that relative voter turnout in subnational vs.

national elections is determined by the relative magnitudes of Cited by:   As a native of Japan, the author found it interesting that the case of Japan contradicted the conventional wisdom, and thus, he began his research on electoral participation, which resulted in this book.

Before analyzing the data, he lays out the causal model of turnout twist with a clear mathematical : Yukio Maeda. Horiuchi, Yusaku, Institutions, Incentives and Electoral Participation in Japan: Cross-Level and Cross-National Perspectives, RoutledgeCurzon, (pp.

), ISBN:$ - - Author: Bernard Grofman. Get this from a library. Institutions, incentives and electoral participation in Japan: cross-level and cross-national perspectives. [Yusaku Horiuchi] -- This book theoretically and empirically explores the puzzling 'turnout twist' phenomenon in Japan where municipal elections often record considerably higher turnout than national elections.

In this path-breaking book, Catalinac demonstrates with an original data set built from thousands of candidate election manifestoes that members of Japan’s longstanding dominant party, the Liberal Democratic Party, shifted their campaign rhetoric from pork barrel to policy after the change in electoral.

Local Political Participation in Japan book. A Case Study of Oita. Local Political Participation in Japan. a small city in Kyushu, as a case study. It focuses especially on the role local institutions and politicians play in influencing the kinds of participation available and incentives and electoral participation in Japan book, the attitudes created about participation.

TABLE. Building on this extensive literature, the present study examines factors that affect participation, with particular attention on the linear (conservative vs.

progressive) and curvilinear (moderate vs. radical) impact of ideological orientations, and also considers the influence exerted by political. This chapter, on the causes of electoral reform in Japan, reviews the incentives and electoral participation in Japan book from an extreme electoral (hyper-personalistic) system in which candidates of the same party competed against one.

book in as broad and comprehensive a manner as possible. This handbook is aimed in particular at political negotiators and constitutio-nal designers in new, fledgling, and transitional democracies.

However, as the crafting of political institutions is a critical task not only for new democracies. How does the choice of electoral rules affect politicians' incentives to campaign on the basis of personalized support.

This article examines to what extent the adoption of new electoral and campaign finance rules affects the incentive of politicians in Japan's Liberal Democratic Party to rely on personal support organizations called koenkai. The core of the analysis utilizes newly collected. This volume examines the participation of the private sector in infrastructure building.

British Private Finance Initiatives (PFIs) are analyzed in detail. e Finance Initiative Promotion Act in Japan utions and Telecommunications Performance in Africa: Stability, Governance and Incentives. Japan’s electoral laws allow candidates to mount dual candidacies by standing both on a PR list and for an SMD seat.

While the PR tier is technically closed-list, there is also a provision that allows for some degree of voter influence over the ranking of candidates on the lists. Required Texts: The following four books are required and can be purchased at the COOP: Krauss, Ellis S.

and Robert J. Pekkanen. The Rise and Fall of Japan’s LDP. Political Party Organizations as Historical Institutions. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press. Jacob Schlesinger. Book Description. Illustrated by in-depth empirical research from six country studies, Gendered Electoral Financing: Money, Power and Representation in Comparative Perspective is the first cross-regional examination of the nexus between money, gender and political recruitment across the world.

Money is assumingly one of the greatest barriers to women in the political recruitment process. Why electoral systems matter: an analysis of their incentives and effects on key areas of governance Alina Rocha Menocal Alina Rocha Menocal is a Research Fellow in thePolitics and Governance Programme at Overseas Development Institute (ODI), with particular expertise on the challenges of democratisation and governance.

The choice of Electoral System is one of the most important institutional decisions for any democracy. The choice of a particular electoral system has a profound effect on the future political life of the country concerned, and electoral systems, once chosen, often remain fairly constant as political interests solidify around and respond to the incentives presented by them.

National elections. Japan's postwar national legislature, the National Diet (国会, Kokkai), has two directly elected chambers, elected on independent electoral cycles.

The House of Representatives (衆議院, Shūgi-in) has members, elected for a rarely completed four-year term, members in single-seat constituencies and members by proportional representation in 11 regional. This paper locates Japan’s financial policies in the context of electoral incentives. The collapse of Japan’s econ omic bubble in exposed the rot in the banking system, hidden for decades by a Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) government intent on maintaining favor with local support groups, including small banks.

political participation in the four countries to establish whether women’s increased representation in decision making at the national and local governance level has translated into the adoption of gender equality policies and enhancement of women’s socio-economic status at all levels of.

I am the author of Institutions, Incentives and Electoral Participation in Japan: Cross-Level and Cross-National Perspectives (Routledge ). According to Sophia University professor Mari Miura, Japan’s poor standing in women’s participation in politics and the economy — th and th, respectively — drags down the nation’s.

Politics (from Greek: Πολιτικά, politiká, 'affairs of the cities') is the set of activities that are associated with making decisions in groups, or other forms of power relations between individuals, such as the distribution of resources or academic study of politics is referred to as political science.

It may be used positively in the context of a "political solution. This article locates Japan's financial policies in the context of electoral incentives. The collapse of Japan's economic bubble in exposed the rot in the banking system, hidden for decades by a Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) government intent on maintaining favor with local support groups and protecting inefficient small banks.

For the first time since Ghana returned to civilian rule and multi-party politics invoters have a choice between a sitting and a former president, as well as being able to choose from a wide-ranging list of 12 presidential candidates – including three women – and a woman is also standing for vice president on a major party ticket in another first.

Political institutions concentrating power in the hands of a few, without constraints, checks and balances or firule of lawfl. Inclusive political institutions: Political institutions allowing broad participationŠ pluralismŠ and placing constraints and checks on politicians; rule of law (closely related to pluralism).

Economic Institutions. As you are no doubt aware, the spread of the coronavirus has resulted in many events around the world being cancelled, postponed or reformatted to allow for remote participation.

Please note that CEPR is monitoring developments very carefully and liaising with all conference organisers regarding the best course of action to take for each event. institutions facilitate participation.

This theoretical model has been widely cited and replicated, and it is probably the most important model of political participation in the liter-ature today.

However, it does face problems. The ‹rst problem relates to the use of socioeconomic status as a predictor of participation and civic. The argument has been made that Japan's democratic polity is unstable, and that the reason for this instability is that political cynicism is peculiarly frequent in Japan, and that political cynicism (particularly when in combination with high political efficacy) conduces toward unconventional or radical individual political behavior, and that such behavior in turn is destabilizing to the polity.

Inclusive economic institutions, such as those in the United States, Japan and Australia are those “that allow and encourage participation by the.

By analyzing the domestic politics and international positions of the United States, Australia, Russia, China, the European Union, Japan, and Canada, the authors demonstrate clearly that decisions about global policies are often made locally, in the context of electoral and political incentives, the normative commitments of policymakers, and domestic political institutions.

Japan has arguably been the prime beneficiary of the liberal international economic order. In the area of trade, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), and later, its successor, the World Trade Organization (WTO), have facilitated the reduction in barriers to international trade worldwide and thereby enabled Japan's exploitation of its comparative advantage and.

primary participation is limited largely to people induced to vote by local brokers, such elections are won not by ideological candidates but by those with the largest political machine Informal institutions also shape formal institutional out-comes in a less visible way: by creating or strengthening incentives to comply with formal rules.

Democratization, process through which a political regime becomes explosive spread of democracy around the world beginning in the midth century radically transformed the international political landscape from one in which democracies were the exception to one in which they were the rule.

The increased interest in democratization among academics, policy makers, and activists. Expanding the Concept of Participation 2. Political participation has been defined in many ways (Brady, ; Conge, ; Fox, ; van Deth, ) ranging from rather restrictive understandings as “those activities by private citizens that are more or less directly aimed at influencing the selection of governmental personnel and/or the actions they take” (Verba & Nie,p.

Measured as a percentage of total ministers, where: 0: There are legal quotas to promote women’s political participation both at the national and sub-national levels. There are legal quotas to promote women’s political participation either at the national or at the sub-national level.

Oxford Scholarship Online. Reflections on Indian Political Economy from Class and Conflict: Revisiting Pranab Bardhan's Political Economy of India. American Life in Debt from Divested: Inequality in Financialized America. Welfare States in the Middle East and North Africa: Puzzles and Answers from Social Dictatorships.

The Rise of the Financial Consumer from Watchdog: How Protecting Consumers. Spain - Spain - Government and society: From until Spain almost continually had a parliamentary system with a written constitution.

Except during the First Republic (–74), the Second Republic (–36), and the Spanish Civil War (–39), Spain also always had a monarchy. For a complete list of the kings and queens regnant of Spain, see below. Equivocal books do not usually do well in a polarised world. This one deserves to buck the trend."—Giles Wilkes, Financial Times "Integrating economic theory into social and political contexts, this is the textbook on public policy that students need.

A pleasure to use."—Paul Collier, University of Oxford "This book is both wise and far. participation and leadership in the economy, society and political decision-making.’ UN General Assemblyparagraph 31 ‘We recognise that gender equality and women’s empowerment are essential components of human development and basic human rights.

The advancement of women’s rights and the education of girls are critical. Every two to four years, there is a lot of conversation about how to increase voter turnout and participation in the United States.

Some helpful facts resurface: Americans’ affiliations with organizations that purport to represent their interests—political parties, labor unions, religious institutions, and community-based organizations—are at historic lows, as is their trust in.6 Enhancing Youth Political Participation throughout the Electoral Cycle 5.

Bridge the digital divide with mobile phones and radio. EXaMPlE 9: i n nepal, unicEF supports the ‘Voices of Youth’ project. Every week, a radio team frames a topic or a question and asks listeners to contribute to the discussion via. Books: o Empirical Analysis of Spatial Interdependence (w/ Jude C.

Hays & Scott J. Cook), Cambridge UP (forthcoming). o (Co-Editor) Handbook of Research Methods in Political Science & International Relations, L. Curini, R. Franzese, eds., Sage Publications (forthcoming).

o (Editor) Advances in Political Methodology, R. Franzese, ed., Elgar Research Collections,